However, as time went by, the situation of human rights defenders became more differentiated. In 2005, the First International Consultation of Women Human Rights Defenders was held in Sri Lanka, where November 29 was proclaimed International Women Human Rights Defenders Day, highlighting the importance of women human rights defenders and their distinctions from defenders. Despite the fact that both were acting with the same purpose, women defenders faced gender-specific challenges that were recognized in a landmark resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on December 18, 2013, on the protection of women human rights defenders. In this resolution, emphasis was placed on discrimination and the systematic and structural violence faced by women human rights defenders, and the States sought measures to curb these behaviors,
Unfortunately, women human rights defenders suffer specific violence because their work involves a breakdown in traditional notions of family and gender roles imposed by society. In other words, they affect the status quo, being victims of hostility and exclusion by people who consider them a risk. Therefore, States must guarantee them adequate protection against the threats and attacks they face from both State and non-State actors, providing effective, inclusive and gender-sensitive protection mechanisms.